di Salerno, Gatelgrima

Birth Name di Salerno, Gatelgrima
Gender female
Age at Death unknown


Event Date Place Description Sources
Birth 1017 Salerno, Campania, Italy   1a


Relation to main person Name Birth date Death date Relation within this family (if not by birth)
Father of Salerno, Guaimar III9831027
Mother di Capua, Gatelgrima9901028
    Brother     of Salerno, Guaimar IV 1010 1052
    Brother     of Sorrento, Guy 1012
    Brother     of Salerno, Pandulph IV 1015
         di Salerno, Gatelgrima 1017

Source References

  1. Michael Neuman: http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=clcaldwell&id=I14945 Caldwell and related families
      • Source text:

        # ID: I14945
        # Name: Prince of Salerno Guaimar III
        # Sex: M
        # Birth: ABT 983 in Salerno, Campania, Italy
        # Death: 1027
        # Note:

        Guaimar III of Salerno
        From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
        Guaimar III (also Waimar, Gaimar, Guaimaro, or Guaimario and sometimes numbered Guaimar IV) (c.983 ? c.1027) was duke (or prince) of Salerno from around 994 to his death. His date of death is sometimes given at 1030 or 1031, but the most reliable sources consistently indicate 1027. Under his reign, Salerno entered an era of great splendour and Opulenta Salernum was the inscription on his coins. He made Amalfi, Gaeta, and Sorrento his vassals and annexed much of Byzantine Apulia and Calabria.

        He was the second eldest son of Duke John II of Salerno. The eldest was Guy, who ruled as co-ruler with his father from January 984 to 988. Sometime between January and March 989, John made Guaimar co-regent. In 994 (also given as 998 or 999), his father died and he became sole ruler.

        In 999, a band of Norman pilgrims returning from Jerusalem stopped at the port of Salerno. While staying there, the city was attacked by Saracen pirates. The frightened Salernitans did not offer battle, but the warlike Normans did. Soon their bravery drew out the Salernitans and together they routed the Moslem menace. Guaimar promptly offered them numerous incentives to stay, but to no avail, the Normans returned to France, promising to spread the word about the need for fighting men in the south.

        As a member of the independent Lombard leadership of the Mezzogiorno, Guaimar himself supported the Lombard freedom-fighter Melus of Bari and, after Melus' defeat in 1011, he was paid a visit by the victorious Byzantine catapan, Basil Mesardonites, in October. Later, he sheltered Melus. He was nominally a vassal of Holy Roman Emperor Henry II, but after the defeat at Cannae in 1018, he discreetly transferred his allegiance to the Byzantine Emperor Basil II. When Henry died in 1024, Guaimar sent an embassy to the new Emperor Conrad II to plead for the release of his brother-in-law Pandulf IV of Capua, the Wolf of the Abruzzi. Conrad, in a show of naïveté, complied. The Wolf immediately put his old capital, Capua, of which he had once been prince, under siege. An endeavour in which he had the support of Guaimar and his Normans under Ranulf Drengot and the catepan of Italy, Boiannes.

        Guaimar made his eldest son by his first wife, Porpora of Tabellaria (d.c.1010), John III, co-prince in 1015, but, in 1018, he died. He then made his eldest son by his second wife, Gaitelgrima, the sister of Pandulf, also named Guaimar, co-prince. It was this son who succeeded him in 1027 at the age of fourteen or sixteen under the regency of Gaitelgrima, who was basically the pawn of her brother Pandulf. Guaimar III's second son, Guy, was made gastald of Capua by his uncle and later duke of Sorrento by his elder brother. His third son, Pandulf, became lord of Capaccio. He had a daughter (probably about 1026) named Gaitelgrima, who married successively the brothers Drogo and Humphrey, counts of Apulia.





        Father: Prince of Salerno Guaimar II b: ABT 948 in Salerno, Campania, Italy

        Marriage 1 Gatelgrima di Capua b: ABT 990 in Capua, Campania, Italy


        1. Has Children Prince of Salerno Guaimar IV b: ABT 1010 in Salerno, Campania, Italy
        2. Has No Children Prince of Salerno Pandulph IV b: ABT 1015 in Salerno, Campania, Italy
        3. Has Children Gatelgrima di Salerno b: ABT 1017 in Salerno, Campania, Italy
        4. Has Children Duke of Sorrento Guy b: ABT 1012 in Salerno, Campania, Italy

      • Citation:

        e-mail: michaelneuman@earthlink.net