man Henry I "Beauclerc" King of England‏‎, son of William I "The Conqueror" King of England and Matilda (Maud) of Flanders‏.
Born ‎ 1068 at Selby, West Ride Yorkshire, England, died ‎ Dec 1, 1135 at Lyons-La-Foret, Normandy, France‎, 66 or 67 years, buried ‎ at Reading Abbey, Berkshire, England

After discussing with Betty Knoche, the various opinions from different sources about the mistresses and illegitimate children of Henry I (who probably had more than any other English monarch), I discovered an Appendix D in Volume XI of The Complete Peerage which lists all of the "known" children and connects them, where possible, with the known mistresses. I have scanned the text and included it in the notes below. Please excuse any errors in scanning/translating the text.

HENRY I'S ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN (According to the Complete Peerage)

Henry I and Charles II were the only Kings of England to beget a large brood of bastards. Charles II

Married ‎ at No Marriage to:

woman Sibyl Corbet‏‎
Born ‎± 1086 at Alcester, Warwickshire, England, died ‎after 1157‎

Sibyl (or Adela or Lucia) Corbet, living 1157, daughter and coheir of Robert Corbet, mistress of Henry I, lady of Alcester, co. Warwick and of Pontesbury and Woodcote, co. Salop (by Henry I she was mother of Reginald Fitz Roy, Earl of Cornwall). [Ancestral Roots]


The following additional info was supplied by Curt Hofemann,

no evidence to prove that Henry I married Sibyl [Ref: Sheppard Apr65 p96]

It is because of Henry I's personal propensities that we know something of two Corbet women who occur in the records of this period. Of his numerous mistresses Sibyl Corbet, elder daughter of Robert fitz Corbet of Longden, must have been a favourite since she bore four, possibly five, of Henry's illegitimate children. [Ref: CP XI Appendix D]

She had a younger sister Alice. Where, when and how the liaison began between Henry and Sibyl is a mystery. He had already had children by various mistresses: among the oldest must have been Juliane, who married Eustace de Pacy lord of Breteuil in 1103, and rebelled against her father; and Robert, born of an unknown woman of Caen, who was created earl of Gloucester by his father in 1122. [Ref Corbet citing: CP V:683: the suggestion that he was the son of Sibyl Corbet is probably correct]

The known children by Sibyl Corbet were Rainaud de Dunstanville, his brother William and sisters Gundred and Rohese; it is also possible, but not certain, that Sibyl was the mother of the king's illegitimate daughter Sibyl who was married to Alexander after he became king of the Scots in 1107. [Ref: Corbet citing: A.C. Lawrie, Early Scottish Charters, Glasgow 1905:charter XXXVI to Scone Priory, Alexander I, c. 1120, witnessed by Queen Sibyl and her brother William; she died 12 June 1122 on an island in Loch Tay to which Alexander granted charter XLVII, to canons of Scone]

Note 1: Sheppard = Walter Lee Sheppard, Royal Bye-Blows II: The Illegitimate Royal Offspring from Edward III To Queen Anne, NEHGR vol 21, 1967.

Note 2: Corbet = The Corbett Study Group,
specifically: The Anglo Norman Corbets by Barbara Coulton.



woman Sibylla FitzHenry‏
Born ‎± 1104 at Domfront, Normandy, France, died ‎ Jul 12, 1122 at Island of the Woman, Loch Tay, Scotland‎, approximately 18 years
man Reynold de "@N54647@" Reginald , Earl of Cornwall/, Earl of Cornwall/Dunstanville‏‎
Born ‎± 1110 at Dunstanville, Kent, England, died ‎ Jul 1, 1175 at Chertsey, Surrey, England (dspms legit)‎, approximately 65 years


Reynold de Dunstanville, one of the 14 illegitimate children of Henry I, was the son of Sybil, daughter of Sir Robert Corbet, of Alcester, co. Warwick, and having m. ?Mabel, daughter and (in her issue) heir of William Fitz Richard, a man of huge estates in Cornwall, was created about Apr 1141, Earl of Cornwall, probably by the Empress Maud, but the title was fully recognised subsequently by King Stephen. He was a witness to the compromise between Stephen and Henry, 1153. Sheriff of Devon, 1173-75. He was in command, ex parte Regis, Oct 1173, against the rebellious Barons. He d. spm legit, at Chertsey, Surrey, 1 July 1175, and was buried in the Abbey of Reading, when the Earldom reverted to the Crown. [Complete Peerage, III:429 as corrected by XIV:207]

2nd marriage/ relation
man Henry I "Beauclerc" King of England‏‎, son of William I "The Conqueror" King of England and Matilda (Maud) of Flanders‏.

Married/ Related to:

woman Several Mistresses‏‎
Born ‎estimated WFT 1070 at England & France‎


woman Mabel (Eustacia) "@N54693@" FitzRoy‏‎
Born ‎± 1088 at Normandy, France‎

Although CP does not name her, Todd Farmerie states that her name was Mabel.

(4) ?Eustacie? (k) who m. William Gouet III, LORD or MONTMIRAIL and other fiefs in that part of Perche which, at a much later date, became known as Perche-Gouet; who was 2nd but 1st surv. s. and h. of William Gouet II, LORD of Montmirail and Chateau-du-Loir, and (jure matris) of Alluye and Brou, by his wife Eustache, and was b. ante 1080. His elder br. Hugh having d. v.p. he became the heir, and joined with his father and mother Eustache, and his brothers Robert and Matthew, in the foundation of the Priory of St. Gilles des Chateigniers as a cell of Tiron. In 1114, as William Gouet junior (juvenem), he was one of the nobles (optimates) of Theobald, Count of Chartres, whom the Count called in to advise him. In 1116, with his father and mother, he gave judgement in a dispute between the abbey of Marmoutier and Gaston de Brou. He suc. his father, probably about 1117. He has been confused with his father, and with his s. and h., William Gouet IV, with whom the line ended.

(k) R. de Torigny does not name her, and Marx does not try to ascertain her name; nor has it been found in charters. She is called Eustacie by Ramsay, presumably through confusion with her mother-in-law.
man Robert de "@N54558@" Caen , 1st Earl of Gloucester‏‎
Born ‎± 1090 at Caen, Calvados, Normandy, France, died ‎ Oct 31, 1147 at Bristol, Gloucestershire, England‎, approximately 57 years, buried ‎ at Priory of St. James, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England

Robert, EARL OF GLOUCESTER, by Mabel, daughter and heir of Robert FITZ-HAMOND, lord of Tewkesbury. [Complete Peerage]


[From Burke's Peerage-see source for details]

An undoubted Earl of Gloucester, perhaps the first authentic one, at any rate after the Conquest, is Robert FitzHamon's son-in-law, another Robert, who was an illegitimate son of Henry I and was so created 1122. The Earldom passed to his eldest son, William FitzRobert, and from him to John, later King John and husband from 1189 to 1199 (when he divorced her) of Isabel, the youngest of William FitzRobert's three daughters. On John's coming to the throne the title did not merge in the Crown for it was not his in his own right but in right of his wife.


Curt Hofemann,, provided the following information in a post-em, including an indication that he was a son of Sybil Corbet. I believe that Robert was born too early to be a son of Sybil. Certainly The Complete Peerage did not indicate he was her son (although there was a confused reference to Sybil daughter of Robert Corbet, burgess of Caen, which has been refuted):

Birth: ABT 1090 in Caen, Calvados, Normandy, France

born: about 1090 [Ref: ES III:354, Paget p11, Watney p404 & 494, Weis AR7 124:26], father: [Ref: CMH p600, Paget p11, Sheppard Apr65 p96, Weis AR7 124:26]

Research note 1: mother Sibyl Corbet [Ref: Weir RoyalFam p48]
Research note 2: illegitimate son of Henry I, probably by Sibil, dau of Robert Fitz Corbet, burgess of Caen [Ref: Watney p404]
Research note 3: shown as son of Sibilla Corbet, but "There is no certain evidence to show that Sybilla really was Robert's mother, who may have been an unknown woman of Caen" [Ref: Weir RoyalFam p48]

Death: 31 OCT 1147 in Bristol, Gloucestershire, England

died 31 Oct 1147 [Ref: ES III:354, Paget p11, Watney p404 & 494] 1147 [Ref: CMH p600, Weis AR7 124:26, Weis AR7 63:26], place: [Ref: Paget p11, Watney p404 & 494, Weis AR7 124:26]

Burial: Priory of St. James, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England

Research note: Buried Tewkesbury [Ref: Paget p11]

married 1119 Maud (Mabel) FitzHammon
date: [Ref: Watney p404 & 494], names: [Ref: Paget p11, Turton, Weis AR7 63:26 & 124:26]

1122-1147 Earl of Gloucester [Ref: Weis AR7 124:26]
Earl of Gloucester, created between Jun and Sep 1122 [Ref: Paget p11]

Robert, earl of Gloucester (d. 1147). An illegitimate son of Henry I, who supported the claim to the throne of his half-sister Matilda in 1135. He invaded England with her in 1139 and captured King Stephen at Lincoln in feb 1141. A few months later he was himself taken prisoner and exchanged for the king. His death from fever at Bristol effectively ended Matilda's bid for the throne. [Ref: Dict of Brit History, pg 305]

Here is a (not so) brief biography of Robert, Earl of Gloucester, probably the best-known of Henry's spectacular brood of bastards. It is largely a paraphrase of the information in CP.
Robert 'of Caen', Earl of Gloucester, born circa 1090 in Caen, Normandy; married 1107 Mabel fitz Robert FitzHamon (died 1157). Robert died 31 Oct 1147 in Bristol, England; buried at the Priory of St. James, Bristol. [children are at foot of bio] Sources: Given-Wilson & Curteis 'The Royal Bastards of Medieval England' pp 63, 75 Cokayne 'Complete Peerage' (Gloucester) Sanders, 'English Baronies: A study of their origins and descent'.
Robert was born about 1090, probably in Caen, Normandy (hence he was known as 'Robert of Caen'). His mother was probably an unknown woman of Caen and not Sibyl Corbet, as is stated by CP and others. He was acknowledged by his father King Henry I from his birth, and was raised at court from the time of his father's accession to the throne and educated under his direct supervision. Robert had a reputation for learning and literary appreciation, rare attributes at this time, which were undoubedly fostered by his scholarly father. By the time he was in his early twenties he was one of his father's leading military captains and advisers.
In 1107 he received from Henry the hand of a wealthy heiress, Mabel of Gloucester, daughter of Robert FitzHamon, who brought with her the barony of Gloucester and lordship of Glamorgan. They had a mansion at Tewkesbury.
Robert fought at the Battle of Bremule in 1119, where Henry defeated King Louis VI of France. In 1122, after the death of his legitimate half-brothers, the earldom of Gloucester was created for his benefit.
In 1123, he led a force to assist in the capture of the castle of Brionne, which was held by rebel Norman barons. In 1126 he had custody of his uncle, the imprisoned rebel, Robert, Duke of Normandy.
In 1127 he did homage to his half-sister the Empress Matilda, recognizing her as their father?s successor to the throne. Henry looked to him to protect Matilda's interests after his death. Robert was with his father when he died in 1135, and it was Robert who made the funeral arrangements.
Robert was a significant figure in the struggle for succession between Stephen (his cousin) and Matilda. Robert and Stephen had been fierce rivals at the English court since 1127, and some barons encouraged Robert to claim the throne himself (after all, his grandfather William the Conqueror had also been illegitimate), but when Stephen was chosen as king, Robert eventually did conditional homage to him for his English lands.
In 1137 he accompanied King Stephen to Normandy, where Matilda was raising support, and a quarrel ensued between the men when Stephen tried to ambush Robert. Robert then threw his support behind Matilda, who was in Normandy, and obtained the surrender of Caen and Bayeux to her husband Geoffrey, Count of Anjou. In September 1139 Robert landed in England with Matilda and took her to Arundel Castle. He then made his way to Bristol Castle, which had remained loyal to him, and was later joined there by Matilda.
Robert became her commander-in-chief in the civil war which followed. Unlike most barons of the time, he fought his battles within the rules of warfare and was not unnecessarily violent or cruel, but was also regarded as brave and a good commander. He was also known for his respect for law and justice, and his integrity and chivalry. Between 1139 and 1141, he progressively took control of most of the south-west.
In early 1141, Robert obtained word that Stephen was besieging Lincoln Castle. Robert quickly moved there and forced battle by personally swimming across the River Trent and requiring his troops to follow. In the battle, many of Stephen's knights fled and Stephen was captured by Robert; he was imprisoned at Bristol in the care of Robert's wife Mabel.
Matilda went to London to be crowned, but she made herself unpopular with the Londoners and they were forced to flee. While beseiging Winchester, they themselves were surrounded. Robert engaged Stephen's queen's army for long enough to allow Matilda to escape, but he himself was captured and place in the custody of Stephen's queen at Rochester. Stephen and Robert were then returned to their respective camps in an even exchange, although Robert had wanted some of his supporters released to compensate for his lower status. The even exchange reflected Robert?s value to Matilda as her main supporter and battle leader.
In 1142 Matilda sent Robert to Anjou to attempt to convince her husband Geoffrey to come to her aid. Geoffrey declined to help until he had conquered Normandy, so Robert joined in his campaign. However, hearing that Matilda was besieged at Oxford, he hurried back to her assistance. He took Matilda and Geoffrey's son, nine year old Henry (the future King Henry II), with him. Despite some more victories, Matilda's support had gradually dwindled; Robert was unable to continue to press her cause, although he continued to support his nephew Henry. He did however retain control of most of the West Country, imposing law and order there. In 1144 one of Robert's sons, Philip, rebelled against his father in support of Stephen.
In 1147 thirteen year old Henry arrived in England with mercenary troops, meaning to conquer England. After a couple of weeks he turned up on Robert's doorstep in Bristol asking for money to pay the troops. Robert marched him straight to Wareham and put him on a ship, paying the captain to make sure he got back to his father in Normandy. Henry later regarded Robert as one of the formative influences on his life, the man who had made it possible for him to become king of England.
Later in 1147 Robert died of a rapid fever at Bristol, even though he was still very fit and able to lead an army himself. After his death Matilda's cause collapsed completely, a measure of his indispensability to her.
Robert was a patron of scholars, including some of the best-known medieval chroniclers such as William of Malmesbury and Geoffrey of Monmouth, and was known for his own cleverness and literary ability. One of his enemies, Baldwin fitz Gilbert, described him in terms which suggested he was all bark and no bite - a man who threatened much but did little, eloquent but lazy. His record as a soldier would tend to refute this last point, at the very least. He was also a generous benefactor of the Church, founding the Benedictine priory of St. James just outside Bristol and a Cistercian abbey at Margam, South Wales, and suppporting abbeys at Tewkesbury, Gloucester, and Neath. He was buried in a magnificent green jasper tomb at his foundation of St. James [CP queries the site of his burial, also claimed for Tewkesbury]. [Ref: Suzanne Doig 14 Sep 1998 messaage to soc.genealogy.medieval]

man William de Tracy , Lord of Bradninch‏‎
Born ‎after 1090 at Bradninch, Tiverton, Devonshire, England, died ‎after 1135‎

Note: CP states that William had only a daughter & heir Grace, who m. John de Sudelely. I am following a later ancestry referred to by Ancestral Roots, which states that Grace was not a daughter of William, being about the same age as William.
woman Elizabeth of England‏‎
Born ‎ 1095 at England‎

Curt Hofemann,, has one source indicating that Elizabeth is the same as Sybilla, wife of Alexander of Scotland. Possible (she probably would have married Fergus after 1124), though I think unlikley. Curt's other source has them as two different people.

Possily your ID I04761 Sybilla FitzHenry & this Elizabeth are one & the same. There are conflicting sources:

Sibyl, but called Elizabeth by Sandford [Ref: Sheppard Apr65 p96] unfortunately I did not note the identity of "Sanford" in my notes... Curt

Not same:
He married Elizabeth, natural daughter of Henry I, and sister of Sibilla, who married Alexander I, brother of David." [Ref: Sir Herbert Maxwell, "A History of Dumfries and Galloway" by Sir Herbert Maxwell, Edinburgh, 1896, pp. 47-48]


3rd marriage
man Henry I "Beauclerc" King of England‏‎, son of William I "The Conqueror" King of England and Matilda (Maud) of Flanders‏.

Married ‎ at No Marriage to:

woman Edith FitzForne‏‎
Born ‎± 1072 at Greystoke, Cumberland, England, died ‎ at Granted Barony of Claydon by Henry I, buried ‎ at Endowed Oseney Abbey


man Robert "@N54663@" FitzEdith‏‎
Born ‎± 1098 at Devonshire, England, died ‎ May 31, 1172‎, approximately 74 years

(4) ROBERT the King

4th marriage
man Henry I "Beauclerc" King of England‏‎, son of William I "The Conqueror" King of England and Matilda (Maud) of Flanders‏.

Married ‎ at No Marriage to:

woman Isabel Elizabeth de Beaumont‏‎
Born ‎± 1098 at Leicester, Leicestershire, England, died ‎ Jan 6, 1147/48 at Carmarthen, Carmarthenshire, Wales‎, approximately 49 years


woman Alice of England‏
Born ‎± 1114 at Selby, Yorkshire, England, died ‎ 1141 at Montmorency, Val d'Oise, Ile-de-France, France‎, approximately 27 years

(6) ALICE, named also ALINE, who m. Matthew de Montmorenci, 1st s. and h. of Bouchard de Montmorenci, by his 1st wife, Agnes, da. of Yves II, Count of Beaumont-sur-Oise. She d. after having sons by Matthew, who m. 2ndly, Adelaide, widow of Louis VI (Le Gros), King of France, da. of Humbert II, Count of Savoy, by Gisele, da. of William, Count of Burgundy; by whom he had no issue. Matthew was Constable of France.


Adrian Channing, SGM, states that Alice is daughter of Henry I, by Isabelle de Beaumont.
woman Constance FitzHenry‏‎
Born ‎± 1115 at England‎

5th marriage
man Henry I "Beauclerc" King of England‏‎, son of William I "The Conqueror" King of England and Matilda (Maud) of Flanders‏.

Married ‎ at No Marriage to:

woman Edith‏‎
Born ‎± 1070 at England‎


woman Matilda of England‏
Born ‎ 1086 at England, died ‎ Nov 25, 1120 at Drowned in wreck of the White Ship along with Prince William‎, 33 or 34 years

(1) MAUD, whose mother was Edith, of whom nothing is known (b). She m. in 1103, Rotrou, COUNT of Perche, styled the Great, s. and h. of Geoffrey, Count of Perche, by Beatrice, da. of Hilduin, Count of Montdidier and (jure uxoris) Count of Roucy. Rotrou had gone on the 1st Crusade in 1096. In 1105 and 1114 he went to Spain, to help his cousin Alfonso I, King of Navarre and Aragon, against the Moors. In 1114 he assisted Henry I at the siege of Belleme, which he had long before claimed as his hereditary right. The King granted him the Belleme fiefs. He was present at the death of his royal father-in-law in 1135. In 1137 Stephen gave him Moulins; but in 1141 he made terms with Geoffrey Plantagenet. Maud was drowned in the wreck of the White Ship, 25 Nov. 1120, leaving 2 daughters. Rotrou m., 2ndly, before 1127, Hawise, da. of Walter de Salisbury, and sister of Patrick, 1st EARL OF Salisbury. He d. in 1144 at the siege of the Tower of Rouen (20 Jan. to 23 Apr.) by Geoffrey Plantagenet, and his widow m., as his 2nd wife, Robert, 1st Count of Dreux, 3rd s. of Louis VI (Le Gros), King of France; which Robert styled himself Count of Perche and lord of Belleme during the minority of his stepson.

(b) As her daughter married in 1103, she cannot be the daughter of Forn.

[Complete Peerage]

6th marriage
man Henry I "Beauclerc" King of England‏‎, son of William I "The Conqueror" King of England and Matilda (Maud) of Flanders‏.

Married ‎± 1090 at No Marriage (approximately 45 years married) to:

woman Nest verch Rhys , Heiress of Carew‏‎
Born ‎ 1073 at Deheubarth, Wales‎

Nest (who also [in addition to Gerald fitz Walter] had by Stephen, Constable of Cardigan, a son (Robert fitz Stephen) and by Henry I another son (Henry, killed 1158, father of Meiler fitz Henry), daughter of Rhys ap Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales. [Burke's Peerage, p. 1679]


He [Gerald de Windsor] married Nest, daughter of Rhys ap Tudor Mawr, PRINCE OF SOUTH WALES (e). The date of his death is not known, presumably before 1136. [Complete Peerage X:10-11, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

(e) In 1106, when Owen ap Cadugan carried her off, two of her sons and a daughter by Gerald de Windsor were taken with her, the sons being returned later to their father. By Stephen, constable of Cardigan (query after Gerald's death), Nest bore a son, Robert FitzStephen, and by Henry I a son Henry (killed 1158), father of Meiler FitzHenry, which Robert and Meiler were later brothers-in-arms of the Geraldines in Ireland.


woman Maud of England‏‎
Born ‎ 1091 at England‎
man Henry FitzHenry‏‎
Born ‎± 1105 at of Narberth & Pebidiog, Wales, died ‎ 1158 at killed‎, approximately 53 years

7th marriage
man Henry I "Beauclerc" King of England‏‎, son of William I "The Conqueror" King of England and Matilda (Maud) of Flanders‏.

Married ‎ Nov 11, 1100 at Westminster Abbey, London, England (17 years married) to:

woman Matilda (Edith) Princess of Scotland‏‎, daughter of Malcolm III Canmore King of Scotland and St. Margaret Aetheling of Scotland‏.
Born ‎ Oct 1079 at Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland, died ‎ May 1, 1118 at Westminster, London, Middlesex, England‎, 38 years

Christened Edith, but adopted the name Matilda upon her marriage to Henry I. It was thought the Norman barons might not respect a queen with a Saxon name. The marriage to Henry represented the union of the Norman & Saxon royal lines.


The following information was provided in a post-em by Curt Hofemann,

name at birth Eadgyth, changed to Mathilda in England [Ref: DeVajay p85]

Matilda of Scotland (d. 1118). Queen consort of Henry I from 1100; daughter of Malcolm III of Scots and granddaughter of Edmund Ironside. Known as Good Queen Maud, she was a strong supporter of Archbishop Anselm and the church. [Ref: Dict of Brit History p237]

Edith Matilda 'Atheling', Princess of SCOTLAND. Born about 1079/1080 Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland. Died 1 May 1118 Westminster, Middlesex, England. Buried Jun 1118 Church of St Peter, Westminster, Middlesex, England. To please the English subjects of her husband, the king, she changed her Saxon name of Edith to the Norman name of Matilda. She is also known by the diminutive of that name - Maud (which had been the name of Henry's mother). She was the sister of Edgar, King of Scotland 1098-1107. [Ref: Unk]

Edith - Margaret (Matilda) of Scotland, born in 1080 and died in 1118, married Henry I. Beauclerc, King of England, son of William I The Conqueror (ruler from 1066 to 1087) and his wife, Matilda of Flanders, who died in 1083... Matilda was educated at Wilton and Romsey Abbey where she said that her aunt, Christina, forced her to wear a black veil. She threw it on the ground whenever left alone, in spite of beatings. When her mother died she came to England to Edgar Atheling, her uncle. She was a sister of King David of Scotland; she was a correspondent of Anselm and Hildebert, Bishop of Le Mans, who wrote poetry about her. She was a symbol of the union of Saxon and Norman. She was Henry's Queen for seventeen years and six months, and died in her prime like most of her family. Henry and Matilda had a son and a daughter... [Ref: McBride2]

Matilda (Edith) of Scotland (1079-1118) daughter of Malcolm III Canmore, King of Scots 1058-1093 and St. Margaret of Wessex. Born 1079 Dunfermline. Died 1 May 1118 Westminster Palace. Married 11 November 1100 Westminster Abbey Henry I, King of England 1100-1135. Born 1068 Selby, Yorkshire. Died 1 December 1135 St.Denis-le-Fermont, nr Rouen.

She was born in 1079 or 1080 and, as she was destined to become a nun, she went to Romsey where her Aunt Christina was the Abbess. However, in 1100 Henry I, the new king of England, demanded her hand in marriage; and on 11 November 1100 at Westminster she became his queen. Upon her marriage she adopted the name Matilda in honour of the king's mother. They had two, possibly three children. Queen Matilda built a leper hospital at St. Giles-in-the-Fields, London, and founded the Augustinian Priory at Aldgate. She was aged only about thirty-eight when she died. [Ref: Leo van de Pas]



woman Maud "The Empress" Princess of England‏
Born ‎ Feb 1102/03 at London, Middlesex, England, died ‎ Sep 10, 1167 at Notre Dame, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France‎, approximately 65 years, buried ‎ at Abbey of Bec, France

MATILDA (1102-1167), empress, was the daughter of Henry I of England by his first marriage. She was betrothed in 1109 and married in 1114 to the German emperor Henry V. When her husband died (1125) leaving her childless, her father, whose only surviving legitimate child she then was, persuaded his reluctant barons to accept her, on oath, as his successor (Jan. 1, 1127). The novel prospect of a female ruler was itself unwelcome; Matilda's 17-year absence in Germany (where she was not unpopular) and her apparent arrogrance estranged her from her father's subjects. Difficulties also might result from her remarriage to provide for the succession. Her marriage in 1128 to Geoffrey Plantagenet, heir to Anjou and Maine (designed by Henry I, like her first marriage, for political ends), whose father, Count Fulk, departed immediately after the ceremony to become the consort of Melisende of Jerusalem, flouted the barons' stipulation that she should not marry outside England without their consent, and was unpopular in Normandy and England. On Henry I's death, his nephew Stephen by prompt action secured England and was recognized by Pope Innocent II. Matilda and Geoffrey, however, made some headway in Normandy. Matilda's subsequent challenge to Stephen's position in England mainly depended on the support of her half-brother Earl Robert of Gloucester. After the defeat and capture of Stephen at Lincoln (Feb. 1141), Matilda was elected "lady of the English" and would have been queen could she have proceeded to coronation, but active support for her cause still came mainly from the western counties. Her chance of consolidating her precarious victory was swiftly destroyed by a reaction initated by her tactless handling of London. After her defeat at Winchester in Sept. 1141, her supporters, slowly reduced by death and defection, maintained a stubborn defense until Earl Robert died (1147) and Matilda retired (1148) to Normandy, of which her husband had gained possession. She continued to interest herself in the government of the territories of her eldest son, the future Henry II of England. Her career was not entirely unsuccessful: all the subsequent monarchs of England have been her descendants, not Stephen's. She died in Normandy on Sept. 10, 1167.

8th marriage
man Henry I "Beauclerc" King of England‏‎, son of William I "The Conqueror" King of England and Matilda (Maud) of Flanders‏.

Married ‎ /21 at Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England to:

woman Adeliza Adela of "@N54565@" Louvain‏‎
Born ‎± 1103 at Brabant, Netherlands, died ‎ Apr 23, 1151 at Affligham, Flanders, France‎, approximately 48 years