Gilbert Sieur Le Chaundeler L' AIGLE, son of (Robert) De L' AIGLE and N.N..
Born 1195 at Aigle, Orme, Normandie, France , died at East Sussex, England
The Augustinian Priory at Michelham was founded in 1229 by Gilbert L'Aigle, although there are known to have been settlements here dating back to earlier Saxon times. The name Michelham 'Mincel hamm' itself is Anglo-Saxon in origin and means 'the great watermeadow' referring to it as a piece of land bordering a large bend in the river, the river being the River Cuckmere. Medieval documents record it as being Mykeleham in 1279, but by 1325 it was known as the familiar Michelham.
After the Norman Conquest, King William divided the County of 'Sudsexe' (Sussex) into six 'rapes' - Chichester, Arundel, Bramber, Lewis, Pevensey, and Hastings. Each one commanded a harbour or river, along with a carefully sited Castle, and the 'rape' system in Sussex cannot be found in any other County. The origin of the term 'rape' is unknown but it is believed to come from the Icelandic measure, 'hrapa' or it could well come from the Norman French word, 'rapiner' to plunder. There is evidence that William systematically laid waste to much of the County in his efforts to form a strong bridgehead for his troops; Sussex was the nearest County to Normandy where reinforcements could be rushed in the event of a Saxon revolt, and in every Sussex 'rape', lesser castles and towers were built to support the main castle.
FAMILY NOTE: http://genealogy.patp.us/conq/aigle.shtml
EUGUENULF DE L'AIGLE
The Conqueror and His Companions
by J.R. Planché, Somerset Herald. London: Tinsley Brothers, 1874.
This gallant Norman, called Enguerrand by Wace, was the son of Fulbert de Beine, founder of the Castle of l'Aigle, on the river Risle, arrondissement of Mortain, and therefore probably one of the knights in the service of Robert, Comte de Mortain.
Wace tells us "he came with shield slung at his neck, and with his lance fiercely charged the English. He strove hard to serve the Duke well for the sake of the lands he had promised him" (Roman de Rou, l. 13,592).
Alas! he was not allowed to enjoy what he had so bravely striven to obtain. He is one of the very few whose names have descended to us as having undoubtedly fallen in that memorable battle. Wace, strangely enough, says nothing of his death, which is thus recorded by Orderic: "The Normans, finding the English completely routed, pursued them vigorously all Sunday night, but not without suffering a great loss, for galloping onward in hot pursuit they fell unawares, horses and armour, into an ancient trench, overgrown and concealed by rank grass, and rolling over each other were crushed and smothered. This accident restored confidence to the routed English, for, perceiving the advantage given them by the mouldering rampart and a succession of ditches, they rallied in a body, and, making a sudden stand, caused the Normans severe loss. At this place Enguerrand, Lord of l'Aigle, and many others fell, the number of the Normans who perished being, as reported by some who were present, nearly fifteen thousand." * [Lib. in, cap. xii.]
Married/ Related to:
1. Richard LE CHAUNDELER
Born 1235 at Aigle, Orme, Normandie, France, died 1281 , at Stratford Hundred, Wiltshire, England