man Otto of ""the Illustrious"" Saxony, Duke of Saxony‏‎, son of Ludolph of "Ludolph Wettin" Saxony, Duke of Saxony and Oda Billung of Saxony‏.
Born ‎± ABT. 836 at ; 3, died ‎ Nov 12, 912 at 3‎, approximately 76 years, buried ‎ Nov 30, 912. Occupation: ‎ at Duke-of-Saxony;
ID: I02057
Name: Otto "The Illustrious" Duke of Saxony 1
Sex: M
Name: Otto "The Illustrious" In Sachsen 2 3 4 5
Name: Otto I von Sachsen 6
Birth: ABT 836 in Saxony, Germany 7 1
Death: 30 NOV 912 in Saxony, Germany 6
Death: 30 NOV 912 7 1
Event: Gen Source 3 APR 1994 ARP 1464:2 2
Event: Fact Count of S. Thuringia
Event: Fact Sud Thuringien; Duke von Sachsen 2
Note:
ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA , 1960, Vol. 20, Page 33
Liudolf's second son, Otto, the Illustrious, was recognized as duke of Saxony by King Conrad I, and on the death of Burkhard, margrave of Thuringia in 908, obtained authority over that country also. He made himself practically independent in Saxony and played an important part in the affairs of the empire. He died in 912 and his son Henry I, the Fowler, not only retained his hold over Saxony and Thuringia but in 919 was elected German king.


Father: Ludolph Duke of Saxony b: ABT 816 in Saxony, Germany
Mother: Oda Billung Saxony b: ABT 817 in Saxony, Germany

Marriage 1 Hadwig von Babenberg b: ABT 853 in Frankish Lorraine, France
Children
Uda (Oda) von Saxony b: ABT 874 in Saxony, Germany
Henry I "The Fowler" Saxony Holy Roman Emperor b: ABT 875 in Saxony, Germany

Marriage 2 Hedwig Princess of Germany b: ABT 860 in Germany
Married: AFT 876 in 2nd wife ? 8
Children
Thangmar
Liudolf of Saxony b: ABT 878 in Saxony, Germany

Sources:
Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Ed.
Author: Weis, Frederick Lewis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr.
Publication: 1999
Repository:
Call Number:
Media: Book
Page: 141-17
Title: World Family Tree Vol. 29, Ed. 1
Author: Brøderbund Software, Inc.
Publication: Release date: August 23, 1996
Note: Customer pedigree.
Repository:
Call Number:
Media: Other
Page: Tree 0902
Text: Date of Import: Aug 1, 1998
Title: World Family Tree Vol. 22, Ed. 1
Author: Brøderbund Software, Inc.
Publication: Release date: June 8, 1998
Note: Customer pedigree.
Repository:
Call Number:
Media: Book
Page: Tree 1246
Text: Date of Import: Jun 26, 1999
Title: Ancestry.com Tree 8319
Repository:
Call Number:
Media: Electronic
Text: Date of Import: Jan 15, 2000
Title: Directory of Royal Genealogical Data
Author: Brian Tompsett, Dept of Computer Science
Publication: Department of Computer Science, Hull University
Note: usually reliable but sometimes includes hypothetical lines, mythological figures, etc
Repository:
Note: http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/royal/catalog.html
Call Number:
Media: Electronic
Title: 160 Allied Families
Author: John Osborne Austin
Repository:
Call Number:
Media: Book
From 'Maloney, Hendrick & Many Others' at Rootsweb.com
Contact James H. Maloney; ancestors@maloneylaw.com

Married ‎± ABT. 876 at 2nd wife? (approximately 27 years married) to:

woman Hedwige of "Empress of the Holy Roman Empire, Hadwig of Baben" Germany, Princess of Germany‏‎, daughter of Arnulph of "Holy Roman Emperor, Arnulf of Germany" Germany, King of Germany and Oda of "Hathumoda Princess of Saxony" Bavaria‏.
Born ‎± ABT. 860 at died ‎ Dec 14, 903 at 3‎, approximately 43 years
ID: I07864
Name: Hedwig Princess of Germany 1 2
Sex: F
ALIA: Hathumoda Princess of /Saxony/
Name: Hedwige Holy Roman Empire 3 4 5
Name: Hedwig Princess of Germany 6
Birth: ABT 860 in Germany 2
Birth: ABT 856 in Germany 3 7
Birth: 856 in Germany 8
Death: 14 DEC 903 6
Note: The Directory of Royal Genealogical Data: Notes; Stammtafeln says she is the dau. of Henry, Margrave of Mark (d. 886) and not Arnulf. There are only 13 years between the approximately birth of Arnulf and Henry the Fowler, which implies some futher checkingof sources.

Father: Arnulf King of Germany Holy Roman Emperor b: ABT 845 in Saxony, Germany
Mother: Oda of Bavaria b: ABT 845 in Bavaria

Marriage 1 Otto "The Illustrious" Duke of Saxony b: ABT 836 in Saxony, Germany
Married: AFT 876 in 2nd wife ? 9
Children
Thangmar
Liudolf of Saxony b: ABT 878 in Saxony, Germany

Sources:
Title: Directory of Royal Genealogical Data
Author: Brian Tompsett, Dept of Computer Science
Publication: Department of Computer Science, Hull University
Note: usually reliable but sometimes includes hypothetical lines, mythological figures, etc
Repository:
Note: http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/royal/catalog.html
Call Number:
Media: Electronic
Text: Hedwig
Title: The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest
Author: Jim Weber
Publication: ancestry.com
Note: downloaded periodically 2001-2004. Updated frequently, with many sources.
Repository:
Note: jim.weber@nwintl.com
Call Number:
Media: Electronic
Title: World Family Tree Vol. 22, Ed. 1
Author: Brøderbund Software, Inc.
Publication: Release date: June 8, 1998
Note: Customer pedigree.
Repository:
Call Number:
Media: Book
Page: Tree 0008
Text: Date of Import: Jun 26, 1998
Title: World Family Tree Vol. 29, Ed. 1
Author: Brøderbund Software, Inc.
Publication: Release date: August 23, 1996
Note: Customer pedigree.
Repository:
Call Number:
Media: Other
Page: Tree 1246
Text: Date of Import: Jun 26, 1999
Title: Ancestry.com Tree 8319
Repository:
Call Number:
Media: Electronic
Text: Date of Import: Jan 15, 2000
Title: 160 Allied Families
Author: John Osborne Austin
Repository:
Call Number:
Media: Book
From 'Maloney, Hendrick & Many Others' at Rootsweb.com
Contact James H. Maloney; ancestors@maloneylaw.comName: Hadwig von Babenberg 1
Sex: F
ALIA: Hadui /von \Frankenau\/
Birth: ABT 853 in Frankish Lorraine, France 1
Death: 24 DEC 903 2 3

Father: Heinrich (Henry) von Saargau b: ABT 825 in Saargau, Bavaria, Germany
Mother: Ingeltrud of Friuli b: ABT 837 in Friuli, Italy

Marriage 1 Otto "The Illustrious" Duke of Saxony b: ABT 836 in Saxony, Germany
Children
Uda (Oda) von Saxony b: ABT 874 in Saxony, Germany
Henry I "The Fowler" Saxony Holy Roman Emperor b: ABT 875 in Saxony, Germany

Sources:
Title: The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest
Author: Jim Weber
Publication: ancestry.com
Note: downloaded periodically 2001-2004. Updated frequently, with many sources.
Repository:
Note: jim.weber@nwintl.com
Call Number:
Media: Electronic
Title: Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com
Repository:
Call Number:
Media: Electronic
Page: Peter Stewart, 30 Apr 2002
Title: Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com
Repository:
Call Number:
Media: Electronic
Page: Alan B. Wilson, 30 Dec 1998
Text: mother of Henry

Children:

1.
woman Uda of Saxony‏
Born ‎± ABT. 868 at Erlauchten, Lower Saxony, Thuringia‎
Name: Oda of SAXONY
Surname: Saxony
Given Name: Oda of
Sex: F
Birth: ABT 0868 in Saxony, Germany
Reference Number: Waite,Newl
_UID: FBD0EAEF50F0694EA638CF261269C233DE41
Note:
m. Gerhard in the Metzgau; mother of Godfrey of Lorraine who m. Emtrude de France. [Michael Thissen
WAITE, NEWLIN LINES - 31st ggrandmother

Dau of Hathui/Hedwige of Saxony and Otto of Saxony; m. Gerhard in the Metzgau. [Charity Wilson-Hansberry
Change Date: 26 Mar 2003 at 20:01:35

Father: Otho I the Illustrious der Erlauchte, Duke of SAXONY b: ABT 0836 in of Saxony,Germany
Mother: Hedwige Edith of GERMANY b: ABT 0855 in of Ostfranken, Germany

Marriage 1 Gerhard, Count of METZ b: ABT 0835 in Metz, Moselle, France
Children
Godfrey of LORRAINE b: ABT 0880 in of Palatinate
From 'Glick/Foster Ancestry' at Rootsweb.com
2.
man Heinrich of "King of the Germans; the Fowler" Germany, Emperor‏
Born ‎ 876 at Saxony, Germany, died ‎ Jul 2, 936 at Memleben, Saxony, Germany‎, 59 or 60 years
Name: Henry I the Fowler L'Oseleur LIUDOLFING King of Germany
Surname: Liudolfing
Given Name: Henry I the Fowler L'Oseleur
NSFX: King of Germany
Sex: M
Birth: ABT 0876 in of Saxony, Germany
Death: 2 Jul 0936 in Memleben, Saxony, Germany
Reference Number: Minor,Newl
_UID: 226B7AE42667F04AB9FAC96AC52635843CAE
Note:
!The first of the Saxon line of German kings. In 912 Henry succeeded his father as duke of Saxony. Following the death of Conrad I, king of Germany, in 918, Henry was chosen king by the Franconian and Saxon nobles. Bavaria, Swabia, and Lotharingia refused to acknowledge him at first, and it was not until 925 that he managed to win recognition from all the German states. In 926 Henry secured a 9-year truce from warfare with the Magyars. During that period he transformed many of the small towns of Germany into fortified cities with trained troops of mounted warriors. His military preparations were successfully tested in a war against the Wends in 929. When the Magyars
invaded Thuringia in 933, Henry repulsed them decisively. He defeated the Danes in the following year and seized territory from them. Henry was the first to create a united Germany, and although he never received the imperial crown, he is generally recognized as one of the Holy Roman emperors. He was succeeded by his son, Otto. [Funk & Wagnalls]

MINOR, NEWLIN LINES - 30th ggrandfather

!Emperor of Germany. [Desc. of Charlemagne]

!919 - becomes king of Germany
925 - conquers Lorraine
928 - conquers the Slav province of Brennabor (Brandenburg)
929 - subdues Bohemia and the Slavs east of the Elbe River933 - defeats Hungarians at Merseburg
934 - acquires the Schleswig marches
936 - dies and is succeeded by his son Otto I the Great
[Timetables of History]

!Constructed castles similar to the Polish forts to counter attacks by the Magyar, Danes and Slavs. [The Oxford History of Medieval Europe]

!Designated by Conrad I, his succession was initially recognized only within his own duchy, Saxony, and Conrad's, Franconia. Force having failed, he was obliged to gain recognition from the dukes of Swabia and Bavaria by allowing them to appoint bishops within their territories and by allowing them to take over the crown lands. With these grants he appeared to have conceded the essentials of kingship; estates upon which the ruler and his entourage might stay when travelling through the kingdom to hear pleas, offices which could be filled with trusted servants. By the time of Henry's death the losses had been recovered. The course of German history is not one of smooth development within which the monarchy could establish its own authority and traditions; nor was it one of an inevitable degeneration into princely particularism. Rather it lay in violent oscillation between the two. [Oxford History]

!Henry I's success lay upon two foundations. As a vigorous war-leader he was able to contain the threat from Denmark to the north of his duchy, and in 933 to inflict a major defeat upon the Magyars, who had menaced the whole of eastern Germany and many points further west since their destruction of the Moravian kingdom in 906. The scale of the threat made the dukes his far from
unwilling partners, and it brought other rulers, Wenceslaus of Bohemia chief among them, under his overlordship. Henry's other asset lay in the comparatively recent rise of his family, the Liudolfings; he had been duke of Saxony only from 912, by marriage into the ducal house. The law of consanguinity was not yet fully defined, and churchmen were as yet hesitant in invoking it, but it was already the case that marriage could for several generations prevent the marriage of descendants; in time the number of generations was defined as seven, but this was not strictly enforced. A new dynasty thus had the advantage of an old one, for it still had a reasonably free choice of the politically most advantageous marriages before it. The asset was naturally a wasting one, but it helped Henry draw Lotharingia back into the kingdom under his brother-in-law, Duke Giselbert, and was to be a major element in the success of his son and successor, Otto I. [Oxford History]

!First Saxon King of Germany; merely overlord of the federation of duchies. Control over Suabia, Bavaria, and Lotharingia established, and Magyars (Hungarians) defeated. Succeeded by his ons, Otto I. [Leaders & Landmarks, Vol. II, p. 233]

!Germany took a new stand when the dying Conrad of Franconia was magnanimous enough to recommend for this crown his rival the Saxon Duke, Henry the Fowler. Henry defied the Huns, beat them in a great fight at Merseburg, and fortified the frontier against them by building not only castles but walled cities, while he enloisted in his service many of the turbulent knights, whom he bound to such laws of honor and religion as evince a new spirit of dutiful chivalry. [Leaders & Landmarks, Vol. II, p. 34]

!Henry I, the Fowler, l'Oiseleur, Emperor of Germany, Duke of Saxony, Brunswick and Zelle; b. abt 876; d. July 2, 936; m. 2. 911, Mathilda Ringelheim; father of Princess Hatwide/Hatwin/Hawise/Hatwige. [Ped of Charlemagne, Vol. I, p. 63, 124]

!Widukind in Res gestae Saxonicae and other German chronicles says, that to punish the Danes for harrying in Frisia Henry the Fowler invaded their territory in 934, chastised them soundly and forced them to pay him tribute, and made their King Chunuba submit to baptism. Gorm, son of Hardaknut, was a heathen persecutor of Christian men, who so angered Henry the Fowler that he invaded Denmark and made his unheroic adversary sue for peace, whereupon Henry `drew his kingdom's boundary at Slesvig, which is now called Hedeby, established a march (borderland), and ordered that a colony of Saxons should become resident there'. In light of Henry's invasion of the same area in 934, when he humbled the heather Gnupa, and his own death soon afterwards in 936, there must be a substantial confusion of events and persons here; but German pressure was strong upon Denmark at this time, and to continue with Gorm, it is unlikely that he was strong enough to resist it entirely. [A History of the Vikings, pp. 112, 114]

Heinrich I L'Oseleur [Cole Waite}

per Ances of Pres
"Henry I the Fowler", German emperor

per Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants
compiled by Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich
vol 1 1986

Son of Otto the Illustrious and Hedwig; m. Mathilda of Ringleheim; father of
Gerberge of Germany. [GRS 3.03, Automated Archives, CD00]
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Change Date: 19 Mar 2003 at 17:13:00

Father: Otho I the Illustrious der Erlauchte, Duke of SAXONY b: ABT 0836 in of Saxony,Germany
Mother: Hedwige Edith of GERMANY b: ABT 0855 in of Ostfranken, Germany

Marriage 1 Hartheburg of Merseburg de MERSEBURG b: ABT 0880 in of Merseburg,,,Germany
Married: ABT 0905 in Saxony, Germany
Children
Henry, Duke of LOTHARINGIA & BAVARIA b: ABT 0910 in ,,,Germany

Marriage 2 Mathilda von RINGELHEIM Queen b: 0890 in Ringelheim, Goslar, Hanover, Germany
Married: 0909/0911 in ,,,Germany
Children
Hedwig, Princess OF SAXONY b: 0910 in of Lorraine,Saxony,Germany
Otto I the Great Emperor of West b: 23 Nov 0912 in of Saxony, Germany
Gerberga VON SACHSEN Princess of Germany b: ABT 0912/0913 in Nordhausen,Saxony,Germany
Henry I ,Duke of BAVARIA, LORRAINE & SAXONY b: 0919/0922 in of Bavaria,of Lorraine,of Saxony,Germany
Bruno I KOLN Archbishop of Cologne b: ABT 0925 in Saxony, Germany
of SAXONY b: ABT 0927 in Saxony, Germany

Sources:
Repository:
Name: Cheryl Varner Library

Title: Funk & Wagnalls New Encyclopedia
Author: Bram, Leon L. V.P. and Ed. Dir.; Dickey, Norma H. Editor-in-Chief
Publication: Funk & Wagnalls, Inc., 1986
Repository:
Name: Cheryl Varner Library

Title: The Timetables of History
Author: Grun, Bernard
Publication: Simon & Schuster, Inc., New York, 1982
Title: Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I
Author: von Redlich, Marcellus Donald Alexander R.
Publication: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, 1986
Page: pp. 63, 124
Repository:
Name: Cheryl Varner Library

Title: The Oxford History of Medieval Europe
Author: Holmes, George, ed.
Publication: Oxford University Press, Oxford and New York, 1992
Repository:
Name: Cheryl Varner Library

Title: Leaders & Landmarks in European History, Volume II: The Middle Ages
Author: Moncrieff, A.R. Hope; Chaytor, The Rev. H.J., M.A..
Publication: The Gresham Publishing Company, London, 1913
Page: p. 34, 233
Repository:
Name: Cheryl Varner Library

Title: A History of the Vikings
Author: Jones, Gwyn
Publication: Oxford University Press, New York and Toronto, 1968
Page: pp. 112, 114
Title: Ancestors of American Presidents
Author: Roberts
Glick/Foster Ancestry at Rootsweb.com
3.
man Liudolf of Saxony‏
Born ‎± ABT. 878 at Saxony, Germany, died ‎ Jan 30, 911/12‎, approximately 33 years
Name: Liudolf of Saxony 1
Sex: M
ALIA: Liudolf /von \Sachsen\/
Birth: ABT 878 in Saxony, Germany 2

Father: Otto "The Illustrious" Duke of Saxony b: ABT 836 in Saxony, Germany
Mother: Hedwig Princess of Germany b: ABT 860 in Germany

Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown
Children
Wendelgarde of Saxony b: ABT 895 in Saxony, Germany

Sources:
Title: Directory of Royal Genealogical Data
Author: Brian Tompsett, Dept of Computer Science
Publication: Department of Computer Science, Hull University
Note: usually reliable but sometimes includes hypothetical lines, mythological figures, etc
Repository:
Note: http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/royal/catalog.html
Call Number:
Media: Electronic
Title: The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest
Author: Jim Weber
Publication: ancestry.com
Note: downloaded periodically 2001-2004. Updated frequently, with many sources.
Repository:
Note: jim.weber@nwintl.com
Call Number: