England, Thomas Plantagenet

Birth Name England, Thomas Plantagenet
Gender male
Age at Death 42 years, 8 months, 2 days


Thomas Plantagenet, KG, of Woodstock, born 7 Jan 1354/5, died Calais, 8 or 9 Sep 1397, Duke of Gloucester, son of King Edward III of England and Phillipa of Hainault. [Magna Charta Sureties]

Along with 4 other ruthless Barons, John of Gaunt (regent during King Richard II's minority), Richard FitzAlan Earl of Arundel, Thomas de Beauchamp Earl of Warwick, and Thomas Mowbray Duke of Norfolk, became known as the "Apellants". They had real power during much of King Richard II's reign and had many of his friends executed to keep him powerless.

In 1397 Richard had gathered a party of supporters and finally struck back. Arundel was executed, Warwick was banished, and Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester was imprisoned and murdered. In 1398 Henry Bolingbroke, son of John of Gaunt (dead) was deprived of all of his Lancastrian estates and banished as well. However in 1399 Henry invaded England while Richard was in Ireland and became Henry IV.

[information taken from Encylcopedia Britannica]

Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester, (b. Jan. 7, 1355, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, Eng.--d. probably September 1397), powerful opponent of King Richard II of England (ruled 1377-99).

The seventh son of King Edward III (ruled 1327-77), he was created Duke of Gloucester in 1385 and soon became the leader of a party opposed to Richard II, his young nephew. In 1386 Gloucester and his associates--later known as the appellants--took virtual control of the king's government. Gloucester defeated one of Richard's favourites, Robert de Vere, Duke of Ireland, at Radcot Bridge, London, in December 1387 and then had a number of the king's friends executed. In 1389 Richard gained the upper hand and worked out a compromise with his enemies. Gloucester was made lieutenant of Ireland in 1392, but in 1397 Richard arrested him and two other leading appellants. Committed to the charge of Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham (later Duke of Norfolk), at the English port of Calais, France, Gloucester was murdered, possibly on orders from Richard. According to one of Mowbray's servants, who was later executed for his part in the crime, the duke was suffocated with a feather bed. [Encyclopædia Britannica CD '97]

Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
Page: 4-31

Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
Page: 18-8
# Change Date: 5 FEB 2003

Father: *Edward III England b: 13 NOV 1312 in Windsor Castle,Eng
Mother: *Philippa d' Avesnes b: 24 JUN 1311 in Valenciennes

Marriage 1 *Alianore de Bohun b: 1366 in Peterborough Castle, Northamptonshire, England


Event Date Place Description Sources
Birth 1355-01-07      
Death 1397-09-09      
Event Note

B: 7 Jan 1355
P: Palace Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England
D: 9 Sep 1397
P: Calai, Pas-De-Calai, France
Burial: St Edmund's,Westminster,Eng

Age: 42y 8m 2d


Relation to main person Name Birth date Death date Relation within this family (if not by birth)
Father Plantagenet of England, Edward III1312-11-131377-06-21
Mother of Hainault, Phillipa1310-06-241369-08-15
    Brother     Plantagenet, Edward 1330-06-15
    Brother     Plantagenet of Antwerp, Lionel 1338-11-29 1368-10-17
    Brother     England, John (of Gaunt) 1340-03-00 1398-02-03
    Brother     Plantagenet of Langley, Edmund 1341-06-05
    Sister     Plantagenet, Mary 1344
         England, Thomas Plantagenet 1355-01-07 1397-09-09


Family of England, Thomas Plantagenet and De Bohun, Alianore

Unknown Partner De Bohun, Alianore ( * 1366 + 1399-10-03 )
Name Birth Date Death Date
Plantagenet, Anne1383-04-001438-10-16