de Hauteville, Roger Guiscard I 1a

Birth Name de Hauteville, Roger Guiscard I
Gender male
Age at Death 70 years, 5 months, 21 days

Narrative

Notes from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_I_of_Sicily

Roger I (1031 ? June 22 , 1101 ), Norman ruler of Sicily , was the youngest son of Tancred of Hauteville . He arrived in Southern Italy soon after 1055 .

Malaterra , who compares Robert Guiscard and his brother to "Joseph and Benjamin of old," says of Roger: "He was a youth of the greatest beauty, of lofty stature, of graceful shape, most eloquent in speech and cool in counsel. He was far-seeing in arranging all his actions, pleasant and merry all with men; strong and brave, and furious in battle." He shared with Robert Guiscard the conquest of Calabria , and in a treaty of 1062 the brothers in dividing the conquest apparently made a kind of "condominium" by which either was to have half of every castle and town in Calabria.

Robert now resolved to employ Roger's genius in reducing Sicily, which contained, besides the Muslims , numerous Greek Christians subject to Arab princes who had become all but independent of the sultan of Tunis . In May 1061 the brothers crossed from Reggio and captured Messina . After Palermo had been taken in January 1072 Robert Guiscard, as suzerain, invested Roger as count of Sicily, but retained Palermo, half of Messina and the north-east portion (the Val Demone). Not till 1085 , however, was Roger able to undertake a systematic crusade.

In March 1086 Syracuse surrendered, and when in February 1091 Noto yielded the conquest was complete. Much of Robert's success had been due to Roger's support. Similarly the latter supported Duke Roger, his nephew, against Bohemund I_of_Antioch, Capua and his rebels, and the real leadership of the Hautevilles passed to the Sicilian count. In return for his aid against Bohemund and his rebels the duke surrendered to his uncle in 1085 his share in the castles of Calabria, and in 1091 the half of Palermo. Roger's rule in Sicily was more real than Robert Guiscard's in Italy. At the enfeoffments of 1072 and 1092 no great undivided fiefs were created, and the mixed Norman, French and Italian vassals owed their benefices to the count. No feudal revolt of importance therefore troubled Roger. Politically supreme, the count became master of the insular Church. While he gave full toleration to the Greek Churches, he created new Latin bishoprics at Syracuse and Girgenti and elsewhere, nominating the bishops personally, while he turned the archbishopric of Palermo into a Catholic see.

The Papacy, favouring a prince who had recovered Sicily from Greeks and Muslims, granted to him and his heirs in 1098 the Apostolic Legateship in the island. Roger practised general toleration to Arabs and Greeks, allowing to each race the expansion of its own civilization. In the cities the Muslims, who had generally secured such terms of surrender, retained their mosques, their kadis, and freedom of trade; in the country, however, they became serfs. He drew from the Muslims the mass of his infantry, and Saint Anselm of_Canterbury visiting him at the siege of Capua, 1098, found "the brown tents of the Arabs innumerable." Nevertheless the Latin element began to prevail with the Lombards and other Italians who flocked into the island in the wake of the conquest, and the conquest of Sicily was decisive in the steady decline from this time of Mahommedan power in the western Mediterranean.

Roger, the "Great Count of Sicily," died on June 22 , 1101 in his seventieth year and was buried in S. Trinità of Mileto.

Family
Roger married three times. The first marriage took place in 1061, to Judith, daughter of William, count of Évreux (in Normandy) and Hawisa of Échauffour. She died in 1076 , leaving daughters:
A daughter, married Hugues of Gircea
Matilda, married Raymond IV of Toulouse
Adelisa, married Henry, Count of Monte San Angelo
Emma, briefly engaged to King Philip I of France ; married Ralph Maccabees, count of Montecaglioso

In 1077 Roger married a second time, to Eremburge of Mortain, daughter of William, count of Mortain (also in Normandy). Their daughters were:
Mathilda, married Robert, Count of Eu
Felicia, married King Coloman of Hungary

Roger's last wife was Adelaide del Vasto , niece of Boniface, lord of Savona. They married in 1087 . Their children were:
Simon, Count of Sicily (died September 28 , 1105 )
Roger
Maximilla, married Conrad, son of the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Matilda, married Ranulf, count of Alife

Trivia
From the perspective of the history of Malta , Roger I was also the first Christian overlord of this archipelago. He conquered the Arabs in 1090 and immediately introduced a tri-partite feudal system of State, Church and Nobility. There probably was more to it - even until today, folklore tells how Roger - needing the help of the Maltese - tore his quartered red-and-white banner, thus creating the Maltese flag. Historians state that this premise is impossible.

This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica , a publication in the public domain .

 

Events

Event Date Place Description Sources
Birth 1031 Hauteville, Manche, Normandy, France   2a
Death 1101-06-22     3

Age: 70y

Parents

Relation to main person Name Birth date Death date Relation within this family (if not by birth)
Father de Hauteville, Tancred Guiscard III9851051
Mother of Normandy, Fredesende9991057
    Brother     Guiscard, Robert I 1015 1085
    Brother     de Hauteville, Mauger 1017
    Brother     de Hauteville, Alfred 1019
    Brother     de Hauteville, Tancred IV 1021
    Brother     de Hauteville, Hubert 1023
    Sister     de Hauteville, Fredisendis Guiscard 1025
    Brother     de Hauteville, Guillaume 1027
         de Hauteville, Roger Guiscard I 1031 1101-06-22
    Sister     of Hauteville

Families

Family of de Hauteville, Roger Guiscard I and del Vasto, Adelaide di Savona

Married Wife del Vasto, Adelaide di Savona ( * 1075 + 1116-04-16 )
   
Event Date Place Description Sources
Marriage 1089     3
  Children
Name Birth Date Death Date
of Apulia, Mathilda
of Sicily, Roger Guiscard II1093

Source References

  1. Errol Bevan: http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bevangenealogy&id=I102905 @ RootsWeb Ancestries of Errol S. BEVAN and Hollie C. ATKINSON BEVAN to ADAM and EVE including REINHARDT and BLOCKER Cousins and more
      • Source text:

        ID: I102905
        Name: Roger I of Sicily De HAUTEVILLE
        Surname: HAUTEVILLE
        Given Name: Roger I of Sicily De
        Sex: M
        Birth: 1031
        Death: 22 Jun 1101
        Burial: Cathedral di Mileto,Italy
        Note:
        aka Grand Count of Sicily & Calabre
        aka Roger I GUISCARD (Count) of SICILY de HAUTEVILLE; de SIZILIEN-APULIEN

         

        Notes from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_I_of_Sicily

        Roger I (1031 ? June 22 , 1101 ), Norman ruler of Sicily , was the youngest son of Tancred of Hauteville . He arrived in Southern Italy soon after 1055 .

        Malaterra , who compares Robert Guiscard and his brother to "Joseph and Benjamin of old," says of Roger: "He was a youth of the greatest beauty, of lofty stature, of graceful shape, most eloquent in speech and cool in counsel. He was far-seeing in arranging all his actions, pleasant and merry all with men; strong and brave, and furious in battle." He shared with Robert Guiscard the conquest of Calabria , and in a treaty of 1062 the brothers in dividing the conquest apparently made a kind of "condominium" by which either was to have half of every castle and town in Calabria.

        Robert now resolved to employ Roger's genius in reducing Sicily, which contained, besides the Muslims , numerous Greek Christians subject to Arab princes who had become all but independent of the sultan of Tunis . In May 1061 the brothers crossed from Reggio and captured Messina . After Palermo had been taken in January 1072 Robert Guiscard, as suzerain, invested Roger as count of Sicily, but retained Palermo, half of Messina and the north-east portion (the Val Demone). Not till 1085 , however, was Roger able to undertake a systematic crusade.

        In March 1086 Syracuse surrendered, and when in February 1091 Noto yielded the conquest was complete. Much of Robert's success had been due to Roger's support. Similarly the latter supported Duke Roger, his nephew, against Bohemund I_of_Antioch, Capua and his rebels, and the real leadership of the Hautevilles passed to the Sicilian count. In return for his aid against Bohemund and his rebels the duke surrendered to his uncle in 1085 his share in the castles of Calabria, and in 1091 the half of Palermo. Roger's rule in Sicily was more real than Robert Guiscard's in Italy. At the enfeoffments of 1072 and 1092 no great undivided fiefs were created, and the mixed Norman, French and Italian vassals owed their benefices to the count. No feudal revolt of importance therefore troubled Roger. Politically supreme, the count became master of the insular Church. While he gave full toleration to the Greek Churches, he created new Latin bishoprics at Syracuse and Girgenti and elsewhere, nominating the bishops personally, while he turned the archbishopric of Palermo into a Catholic see.

        The Papacy, favouring a prince who had recovered Sicily from Greeks and Muslims, granted to him and his heirs in 1098 the Apostolic Legateship in the island. Roger practised general toleration to Arabs and Greeks, allowing to each race the expansion of its own civilization. In the cities the Muslims, who had generally secured such terms of surrender, retained their mosques, their kadis, and freedom of trade; in the country, however, they became serfs. He drew from the Muslims the mass of his infantry, and Saint Anselm of_Canterbury visiting him at the siege of Capua, 1098, found "the brown tents of the Arabs innumerable." Nevertheless the Latin element began to prevail with the Lombards and other Italians who flocked into the island in the wake of the conquest, and the conquest of Sicily was decisive in the steady decline from this time of Mahommedan power in the western Mediterranean.

        Roger, the "Great Count of Sicily," died on June 22 , 1101 in his seventieth year and was buried in S. Trinità of Mileto.

        Family
        Roger married three times. The first marriage took place in 1061, to Judith, daughter of William, count of Évreux (in Normandy) and Hawisa of Échauffour. She died in 1076 , leaving daughters:
        A daughter, married Hugues of Gircea
        Matilda, married Raymond IV of Toulouse
        Adelisa, married Henry, Count of Monte San Angelo
        Emma, briefly engaged to King Philip I of France ; married Ralph Maccabees, count of Montecaglioso

        In 1077 Roger married a second time, to Eremburge of Mortain, daughter of William, count of Mortain (also in Normandy). Their daughters were:
        Mathilda, married Robert, Count of Eu
        Felicia, married King Coloman of Hungary

        Roger's last wife was Adelaide del Vasto , niece of Boniface, lord of Savona. They married in 1087 . Their children were:
        Simon, Count of Sicily (died September 28 , 1105 )
        Roger
        Maximilla, married Conrad, son of the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
        Matilda, married Ranulf, count of Alife

        Trivia
        From the perspective of the history of Malta , Roger I was also the first Christian overlord of this archipelago. He conquered the Arabs in 1090 and immediately introduced a tri-partite feudal system of State, Church and Nobility. There probably was more to it - even until today, folklore tells how Roger - needing the help of the Maltese - tore his quartered red-and-white banner, thus creating the Maltese flag. Historians state that this premise is impossible.

        This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica , a publication in the public domain .
        1 2 3 4
        Change Date: 11 Sep 2007 at 01:00:00

        Father: Tancreed le Guiscard Seigneur De HAUTEVILLE b: 0970 in Of Normandy, France
        Mother: Fredistina (Frederina) of NORMANDY b: in Normandy, France

        Marriage 1 Adelaide di Savona del VASTO b: 1075
        Married: 1089
        Children
        Miss Niece of GUISCARD
        Roger II Guiscard King of SICILY b: 1093 in Of Normandy, France
        Mathilda of APULIA

        Sources:
        Title: ES
        Publication: "Europaische Stammtafeln",
        Title: PlantagenetA
        Publication: "Plantagenet Ancestry",
        Text: Turton, William Harry, The Plantagenet ancestry, Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1993.
        Title: Omnibus
        Publication: "Omnibus"
        Title: RFC
        Publication: "Royalty for Commoners",
        Note:
        This book lists all of the known ancestors of John of Gaunt, which amounts to most of the Medieval royalty of Europe. Also see the following article: "A Mediaeval Miscellany: Commentaries on Roderick W. Stuart's Royalty for Commoners," The American Genealogist 69 (April 1994)

         

      • Citation:

        bevangenealogyservices@hotmail.com

  2. Michael Neuman: http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=michaelrneuman&id=I020471 Neuman-Smith-Goodale Family and Ancestors
      • Source text:

        ID: I020471
        Name: Tancred III Guiscard , Seigneur de Hauteville
        Sex: M
        Birth: ABT 985 in Hauteville, Normandy, France
        Death: 1051 in Hauteville, Manche, Normandy, France

        Father: Tancred II Guiscard , Seigneur de Hauteville b: ABT 955 in Hauteville, Normandy, France
        Mother: Fredesende de Normandy b: ABT 964 in Fecamp, Normandy, France

        Marriage 1 Frésende de Normandy b: ABT 999 in Rouen, Seine-Inférieure, Normandy, France
        Children
        Robert I Guiscard , Duke of Apulia b: ABT 1015 in Hauteville, Manche, Normandy, France
        Mauger de Hauteville b: ABT 1017 in Hauteville, Manche, Normandy, France
        Alfred de Hauteville b: ABT 1019 in Hauteville, Manche, Normandy, France
        Tancred IV de Hauteville b: ABT 1021 in Hauteville, Manche, Normandy, France
        Hubert de Hauteville b: ABT 1023 in Hauteville, Manche, Normandy, France
        Fredisendis Guiscard de Hauteville b: ABT 1025 in Hauteville, Manche, Normandy, France
        Guillaume de Hauteville b: ABT 1027 in Hauteville, Manche, Normandy, France
        Roger I Guiscard , Count of Sicily b: ABT 1031 in Hauteville, Manche, Normandy, France

        Marriage 2 Muriella b: ABT 990
        Children
        Guillaume de Hauteville , Principate di Salerno b: ABT 1008 in Hauteville, Manche, Normandy, France
        Drogo de Hauteville , Count of Apulia b: ABT 1010 in Hauteville, Manche, Normandy, France
        Humphrey de Hauteville , Count of Apulia b: ABT 1011 in Hauteville, Manche, Normandy, France
        Geoffrey de Hauteville , Count of Loritello b: ABT 1012 in Hauteville, Normandy, France
        Serlon de Hauteville , Seigneur de Hauteville b: ABT 1014 in Hauteville, Manche, Normandy, France

         

      • Citation:

        Descendants and ancestors of George Smith and Eva Goodale

        michaelneuman@earthlink.net

  3. Errol Bevan: http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=bevangenealogy&id=I8579&style=TABLE @ RootsWeb Ancestries of Errol S. BEVAN and Hollie C. ATKINSON BEVAN to ADAM and EVE including REINHARDT and BLOCKER Cousins and more