of Scotland, Kenneth II 1

Birth Name of Scotland, Kenneth II
Gender male
Age at Death 65 years


Kenneth II (Cináed mac Máel Coluim), son of Malcolm I, king of Scotland, succeeded Culen, son of Indulf, who had been slain by the Britons of Strathclyde in 971 in Lothian. He did not established himself as sole king until he killed Culen's brother Amlaíb in 977, after which he ruled all of Scotland.

Kenneth began his reign by ravaging the British kingdom, but he lost a large part of his force on the river Cornag. Soon afterwards he attacked Eadulf, earl of the northern half of Northumbria, and ravaged the whole of his territory. He fortified the fords of the Forth as a defence against the Britons and again invaded Northumbria, carrying off the earl's son. About this time he gave the city of Brechin to the church.

According to the English chroniclers, Kenneth paid homage to King Edgar for the cession of Lothian, but these statements are probably due to the controversy as to the position of Scotland.

The mormaers, or chiefs, of Kenneth were engaged throughout his reign in a contest with Sigurd the Norwegian, earl of Orkney, for the possession of Caithness and the northern district of Scotland as far south as the Spey. In this struggle the Scots attained no permanent success.

In 995 Kenneth, whose strength like that of the other kings of his branch of the house of Kenneth MacAlpin lay chiefly north of the Tay, was slain treacherously by his own subjects, according to the later chroniclers at Fettercairn in the Mearns through an intrigue of Finvela, daughter of the earl of Angus. He was buried on the Isle of Iona. He, then, became the fifth king of Scotland to be murdered in succession.

Chronicles of the Picts and Scots, ed. WF Skene (Edinburgh, 1867)
WF Skene, Celtic Scotland (Edinburgh, 1876)

This entry was originally from the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.


Event Date Place Description Sources
Birth 930 Argyll, Dál Riata, Scotland   2
Death 995 Finela’s Castle, Fettercain, Dál Riata, Scotland   2

Age: 65y


Relation to main person Name Birth date Death date Relation within this family (if not by birth)
Father of Scotland, Malcolm I899954
         of Scotland, Kenneth II 930 995
    Brother     of Scots, Dubh 935 967


Family of of Scotland, Kenneth II and O'Toole, Anleta

Unknown Partner O'Toole, Anleta ( * 930 + ... )
Name Birth Date Death Date
Alpin, Duncalina
of Scotland, Malcolm II9541034-11-25