Bane of Scots, Donald III 1 2

Birth Name Bane of Scots, Donald III
Gender male
Age at Death 66 years

Narrative

Donald III of Scotland (about 1033 - 1099) was king of Scotland from 1093 to 1094 and 1094 to 1097. He is also known as Donaldbane or Donald Bane. He was born about 1033 and became Mormaer (or Earl) of Gowrie about 1060. He was the son of Duncan I, brother of the previous king Malcolm III, and uncle of his successor Duncan II.

Donald III took the throne of Scotland in 1093 on the death of his brother Malcolm III. Malcolm's son Duncan II deposed Donald III in May, 1094. Duncan II died the following November and Donald III retook the throne jointly with his nephew King Edmund, with Donald ruling the north of the kingdom and Edmund ruling the south. Donald III and Edmund were deposed in favour of King Edgar in 1094. Donald III died, imprisoned, in 1099.

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King Malcolm III's brother, Donald Bane, or Donald the Fair, was born around 1033 and was made Mormaer of Gowrie in about 1060. On the death of his grandfather, Duncan he had been sent to the Hebrides. There he was subject to Celtic and Norse, rather than the English influences that his brother had experienced.

On the death of Malcolm III in 1093, Donald attempted to re-instate the traditional Gaelic tanist system of inheritance which had formerly been practiced by the MacAlpin dynasty of Scotland. He seized the throne at sixty years old ruling jointly with his nephew, Edmund, who was Malcolm's son by his second wife Margaret. Highlanders under Donald Bane surrounded Edinburgh Castle, where Queen Margaret lay mortally ill and the surviving sons of Malcolm Canmore had taken refuge. His intentions were to take his nephews prisoner, but they managed to escape his clutches.

Donald despised Norman practices and began to reverse his brother's pro-Norman policies and attitudes. This engendered the opposition of William Rufus, the Norman King of England, who sent Duncan, Malcolm's eldest son by his first marriage to Ingeborg of Halland, into Scotland with an army to overthrow his uncle. He succeeded in unseating Donald Bane but was subsequently murdered leading to the restoration of his elderly uncle.

An English force overthrewDonald Bane again in 1097, making Duncan's half-brother, Edgar, King of Scots. Donald Bane was imprisoned at Rescobie in Angus by his nephew, who had his eyes put out. He died in prison there in 1099 and was interred at Iona, the traditional burial place of the Celtic kings of Scotland, he was to become the last of his dynasty to be buried at Iona.

Edmund later became a monk at Montacute Abbey in Somerset, it is uncertain when he died. Donald Bane left one child, a daughter, Bethoc, who married a Saxon thane, Ughtred of Tynedale. Their daughter, Hextilda, married Richard de Comyn, Justicar of Scotland, in around 1142. Their direct descendant, John Comyn of Badenoch, was one of the claimants to the Scottish throne during the Scots Wars of Independence that followed the extinction of the House of Dunkeld in 1290. He was later killed by Robert the Bruce.

 

 

 

Events

Event Date Place Description Sources
Birth 1033 Scotland   1
Death 1099     2

Age: 66y

Burial   Iona Burial 3

Parents

Relation to main person Name Birth date Death date Relation within this family (if not by birth)
Father Alpin of Scots, Duncan I10131040-08-14
Mother Biornsson, Sybil10091040
    Brother     Caenmoe Dunkeld of Scotland, Malcolm III 1031 1093-11-13
         Bane of Scots, Donald III 1033 1099
    Sister     of Scots, Margaret 1040
    Brother     of Scots, Melmare 1045

Families

Family of Bane of Scots, Donald III and

Unknown Partner ( * + ... )
  Children
Name Birth Date Death Date
of Scots, Bethoc1100